Stocktaking Report on Climate Vulnerability on Water Resources Sector for NAP Process

Nepal is adversely affected by the climate change phenomena. According to the Climate Change
Vulnerability Index 2011, Nepal is ranked as the 4th most vulnerable country worldwide (out of 170
countries) to climate change (Maplecroft, 2011). The change in climate system and/or observed and
projected rising trend of temperature has impacted water and energy sector. Hydrological cycle is
intimately linked with changes in the atmospheric temperature and radiation balance (IPCC, 2007). Thus,
the water resources sector is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Therefore, it is very
important to quantify and/or qualify such impacts in order to identify the adaptation options and
thereby minimize the potential damage magnitude of climate change on a local and regional scale within
the country.
The objective of this study is to document adaptation activities pertaining to climate vulnerability to
water resources sector in Nepal; synthesize available knowledge on climate change impacts, vulnerability
and adaptation; and identify capacity gaps and barriers in order to help facilitate an enabling
environment for the NAP process. This Stocktaking report in the context of NAP process is the starting
point and thus is directed towards identifying adaptation needs and therefore answering the following
questions (LEG, 2012):
i. What impacts on the water sector may be expected under climate change in Nepal?
ii. What are the stakeholders’ or actors’ vulnerabilities and capacities?
iii. What major issues need to be addressed?
iv. Where do we stand regarding effective short- and long-term adaptation activities?
v. What data and knowledge are available to assess current and future climate risks, vulnerability
and adaptation?
vi. How can the storage and management of this data and knowledge best be coordinated?
vii. What gaps can be identified regarding the capacity, adequacy of data and information, and
required resources to engage in the NAP process?
viii. What barriers exist to effectively plan for, design and implement adaptation?
ix. What are the next steps to be taken in the NAP Process after stocktaking?

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