Study on Climate Change Realities and Adaptation Practices

Activities Year: 

A study entitled “Systematic Record of Climate Change realities on agricultural households/communities and coping mechanisms adopted or practices in Khokana, Lalitpur” was conducted by GWP Nepal/JVS. A workshop was organized to disseminate the findings of the study amidst policy makers, water experts, academicians and other relevant stakeholders of Nepal. The highlights of the study were the coping strategies adopted/practiced in Khokana, some of which are listed below:

-          Dry nursery and use of mulches to protect the seedling

-          Use of centrifugal pumps connected in series to lift water from river for irrigation

-          Increased area under vegetable cultivation during winter and spring

-          Optimization of use of wastewater for irrigation

-          Increased use of shallow tube wells and pumps

The study concluded that the effect of climatic variability on water balance in the study area has reached to a threshold. Any further stress emerging from climatic and no-climatic drivers may disturb this balance which will then have significant effect on food and water security and livelihood of the people.

Documentation of such facts provided an opportunity to look into the responses to local climate change by the people and the alternatives being created. It has enabled us to suggest the most appropriate climate smart agriculture for the farmers at local level. The relevant bodies of the Government of Nepal is expected be able to advocate for such policies and programs.